Big Data

What is Big Data?

Big Data is additional data but with enormous size. It may be a term wont to describe a set of knowledge that’s huge in volume and yet growing exponentially with time. Briefly, such info is so large and sophisticated that none of the normal info management tools are ready to store it or process it efficiently.

It may be a term that’s used for denoting the gathering of datasets that are large and sophisticated, making it very difficult to process using legacy processing applications. These info sets are so voluminous that traditional processing software just can’t manage them. But these massive volumes of knowledge are often wont to address business problems you wouldn’t be ready to tackle before.

Types of Big Data:

It is found in three forms:

  • Structured: Any info which will be stored, accessed, and processed within the sort of fixed format is termed as a ‘structured’ format. Over the amount of your time, talent in computing has achieved greater success in developing techniques for working with such quiet info (where the format is documented in advance) and also deriving value out of it. However, nowadays, we are foreseeing issues when the size of such info grows to an enormous extent, typical sizes are being within the range of multiple zettabytes. E.g. RDMS etc.
  • Unstructured: Any info with an unknown form of the structure is assessed as unstructured info. Additionally to the dimensions being huge, unstructured info poses multiple challenges in terms of its processing for deriving value out of it. A typical example of unstructured info may be a heterogeneous info source containing a mixture of straightforward text files, images, videos, etc. Nowadays organizations have wealth of knowledge available with them but unfortunately, they do not have skills to derive value out of it since this info is in its raw form or unstructured format. E.g. Audio, video files, etc.
  • Semi-structured: Semi-structured info can contain both sorts of info. We will see semi-structured info as structured in form but it’s not defined with e.g. a table definition in relational DBMS. An example of semi-structured info may be info represented in an XML file.

Characteristics of Big Data

  • Volume – The name Big itself is said to a gigantic size. The size of knowledge plays a crucial role in determining value out of data. Also, whether specific data can be considered as an enormous info or not, depends upon the quantity of info. Hence, ‘Volume’ is one characteristic that must be considered while handling it.
  • Variety – subsequent aspects of massive info is its variety. Variety refers to heterogeneous sources and therefore the nature of info, both structured and unstructured. During earlier days, spreadsheets and databases were the sole sources of knowledge considered by most of the applications. Nowadays, info within the sort of emails, photos, videos, monitoring devices, PDFs, audio, etc. also are being considered within the analysis applications. This sort of unstructured data poses certain issues for storage, mining, and analyzing info.
  • Velocity – Velocity essentially refers to the speed at which data is being created in real-time. During a broader prospect, it comprises the speed of change, linking of incoming data sets at varying speeds, and activity bursts. Data Velocity deals with business processes, application logs, networks, and social media sites, sensors, Mobile devices, etc. The flow of knowledge is very large and continuous.
  • Variability – This refers to the inconsistency which may be shown by the info sometimes, thus hampering the method of having the ability to handle and manage the info effectively.
  • Value – The primary interest for giant data is perhaps for its business value. Perhaps this is often the foremost crucial characteristic of massive data. Because unless you get any business insights out of it, there’s no meaning of other characteristics of massive data.

Tools for Analytics

  • Apache Hadoop:  Hadoop may be a framework that permits you to store info during a distributed environment for multiprocessing.
  • Apache Pig: Apache Pig may be a platform that’s used for analyzing large datasets by representing them as info flows. Pig is essentially designed to supply an abstraction over MapReduce which reduces the complexities of writing a MapReduce program.
  • Apache HBase: Apache HBase may be a multidimensional, distributed, open-source, and NoSQL database written in Java.
  • Apache Spark: An open-source framework for general-purpose cluster-computing. It provides an interface for programming all clusters with implicit data parallelism and fault tolerance.
  • Talend: Talend is an open-source integration platform. It provides many services for enterprise application integration, integration, management, cloud storage, quality, and large Data.
  • Apache Hive: Apache Hive may be a data warehouse system developed on top of Hadoop and is employed for interpreting structured and semi-structured data.
  • Kafka: Apache Kafka may be a distributed messaging system that was initially developed at LinkedIn and later became a part of the Apache project. Kafka is agile, fast, scalable, and distributed intentionally.


The main Big Data advantages which will be worth:

Security – Real-time info analysis allows you to almost instantly spot anomalies in expected patterns. This permits you to spot and, essentially, fix any problem which will have occurred, resulting in better customer experience. Additionally, such analysis helps spot fraudulent behavior and security breaches. This allows you to take necessary measures on time, which helps prevent major security breaches that will have occurred otherwise.

Productivity – Knowing your business in-and-out is undoubtedly a valuable asset. It analysis helps bring out essential details within the workflow, which, respectively, presents endless possibilities for improvement and optimization.

Cost Reduction – Another advantage is cost reduction. Correct data analysis helps you notice any unnecessary expenses and usually gives you better control over your finances.

Competitors – Another major advantage of getting much data at your disposal is seeing the tendencies among your competitors.

Customer Service – The most valuable asset of each business is its customers. Real-time analysis exposes new possibilities for improving customer service. 


Reported disadvantages of massive data include the following:

Need for talent: Data scientists and large experts are among the foremost highly coveted —and highly paid — workers within the IT field.

Data quality: The data was the necessity to deal with quality issues.

Need for cultural change: Many of the organizations that are utilizing data analytics don’t just want to urge a touch bit better at reporting, they need to use analytics to make a data-driven culture throughout the corporate.

Rapid change: Another potential drawback to analytics is that technology is changing rapidly. Organizations face the very real possibility that they’re going to invest during a particular technology.

Hardware needs: Another significant issue for organizations is that the IT infrastructure necessary to support analytics initiatives.